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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11-12

Incidence of lumbosacral tuberculosis: A pilot study in a tertiary center

1 Department of Orthopaedics, PGIMER, Chandigarh, Punjab, India
2 Department of Orthopaedics, Baba Farid University of Health Science, Faridkot, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Saurabh Agarwal
Department of Orthopaedics, PGIMER, Chandigarh - 160 012
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JODP.JODP_1_20

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Introduction: Spinal tuberculosis is a destructive form of tuberculosis. It accounts for approximately half of all musculoskeletal tuberculosis, affecting mostly the young population in their productive years of life. Characteristically, there is destruction of intervertebral disc and adjacent vertebral bodies radiologically, leading to deformities and neurological symptoms. Common clinical manifestations include constitutional symptoms, back pain, spinal tenderness and neurological symptoms. Patients with tuberculosis affecting the lumbar and sacral region may be confused with benign conditions such as prolapsed intervertebral disc until late due to absent neurological symptoms. Magnetic Resonance Imaging is the most sensitive investigation for diagnosis of spinal tuberculosis. Material and Methods: From July 2014 to September 2014, all the patients presenting to the orthopaedic outpatient department with nontraumatic back pain were evaluated. Results: Out of 16 patients diagnosed as spinal tuberculosis 11 had lumbar and Lumbosacral, 3 had dorsal, 2 had dorsolumbar region involvement. Conclusion: MRI is most sensitive investigation to diagnose undefined back pain. These back pain are due to spinal tuberculosis. Lumbosacral tuberculosis is more common than dorsolumbar region.

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